- You should be able to extract and interpret information from charts, graphs and tables relating to the effect of biotic factors on organisms within a community
Example exam question
A study recorded the number of red and grey squirrels in a particular woodland habitat for 20 years. Grey squirrels were introduced to the habitat in year 6 of the study.
Graph showing the relationship between a grey squirrel population and a red squirrel population over time
What conclusion can you draw from this graph about the effect of introducing grey squirrels to a habitat that is occupied by red squirrels? Explain why this might have occurred.
Example exam answer
As the number of grey squirrels increases, the number of red squirrels decreases. This might have occurred because the two squirrel species are competing for one or more of the same resources. Grey squirrels are better adapted to use these resources and have outcompeted the red squirrels until eventually there are too few red squirrels left to breed successfully and there are none left in the habitat.