CIE A Level Chemistry (9701) exams from 2022

Revision Notes

7.1.3 Nomenclature of Compounds

Nomenclature of Aliphatic Compounds (AL)

  • Students are required to use systematic nomenclature of simple aliphatic compounds
  • The following method can be applied when naming organic compounds:
    • Identify the longest carbon chain containing the functional group
    • Identify the functional group on the chain to determine the suffix or prefix on the compound
    • Count along the carbon chain such that the functional group has the lowest number
    • Add any side chains or lower priority functional groups as prefixes to the beginning of the name in alphabetic order
    • Use the prefixes di-, tri- and tetra- if there are two or more identical functional groups or side chains

Nomenclature of simple aliphatic organic molecules with functional groups table

Organic Chemistry - Nomenclature of Functional Groups Aliphatic Compounds, downloadable AS & A Level Chemistry revision notes

Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds

  • The method used to name aromatic compounds is similar to that of aliphatic compounds
  • Students are required to use systematic nomenclature of simple aromatic molecules with one benzene ring and one or more simple substituents

Nomenclature of simple aromatic organic molecules with functional groups table

Organic Chemistry - Nomenclature of Functional Groups Aromatic Compounds, downloadable AS & A Level Chemistry revision notes

Author: Francesca

Fran has taught A level Chemistry in the UK for over 10 years. As head of science, she used her passion for education to drive improvement for staff and students, supporting them to achieve their full potential. Fran has also co-written science textbooks and worked as an examiner for UK exam boards.
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