- The Krebs cycle (sometimes called the citric acid cycle) consists of a series of enzyme-controlled reactions
- Acetyl CoA (2C) enters the circular pathway via the link reaction
- 4 carbon (4C) oxaloacetate accepts the 2C acetyl fragment from acetyl CoA to form citrate (6C)
- Citrate is then converted back to oxaloacetate through a series of small reactions
The Krebs cycle is often referred to as cyclical or circular. This is because the acceptor molecule oxaloacetate is regenerated throughout the reaction so that it can start all over again by adding another acetyl CoA.
- Oxaloacetate is regenerated in the Krebs cycle through a series of reactions
- Decarboxylation of citrate
- Releasing 2 CO2 as waste gas
- Dehydrogenation of citrate
- Releasing H atoms that reduce coenzymes NAD and FAD
- 3 NAD and 1 FAD → 3NADH + H+ and 1 FADH2
- Substrate-linked phosphorylation
- A phosphate is transferred from one of the intermediates to ADP, forming 1 ATP
It is a good idea to learn the Krebs cycle in detail. You may be asked to name the important molecules in the Krebs cycle like oxaloacetate. It is also worth noting how the number of carbon atoms in the substrate molecule changes as the cycle progresses.